The main problem related to the activities of civil society organizations, is the logic humanitarian assistance-improvement of beneficiaries’ living conditions. Indeed, in most of Africans communities where development NGOs are operating, poverty and social vulnerability are illogically increasing. This fact is often due to an insufficient knowledge of the realities of the social environment in which these NGOs are operating, lack of self-reliant development models and mostly the mismanagement of funds by the NGOs officials who have become true "businessmen". Thus, the application of strategies and techniques for development trample and objectives of donors are still not realized. If the proliferation of NGOs in Africa started in the 1990s after the introduction of the Structural Adjustment Policies, we can legitimately ask the question of whether NGOs are real actors of development or simple organisms set up by the capitalist system to further control the world. This article aims to answer to this question. Firstly, it analyzes NGOs operations in Africa, their methods and the way they are processing. Secondly, it tries to propose some alternatives to improve the humanitarian actions in African countries. Finally, this work takes a concrete example of NGOs aid program which is the microfinance and tries to see if microcredits have or not an impact on their beneficiaries’ lives.