Analysis Of Political Modernization And Democracy In Turkey

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Year-Number: 2020-54
Number of pages: 238-254
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Abstract

Turkey was regarded as the first Muslims country that declared as a secular state. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who is recalled as the father of the nation was responsible for the establishment of modern Turkey. The Kemalist ideas on politics, economy, culture and society, have been described as unique and wonderful, particularly given its totality and success in a predominantly Islamic society. Turkey, after the establishment of the Republic for 23 years with a single-party system, and the first time, the multi-party democracy in 1946 was experience. Recep Tayyip Erdogan He first came to power in 2003 in the wake of a sweeping electoral victory by the Islamist-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP), of which he was a founding member. Nonetheless JD Party government retained power for many years, causing economic regression, human rights and media depression; opening imam schools, healthy sector deterioration, and more importantly, drift away from secularism. Mr. Erdogan spent 11 years as Turkey’s prime minister before becoming the country's first directly-elected president in August 2014 a supposedly ceremonial role.

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Abstract

Turkey was regarded as the first Muslims country that declared as a secular state. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who is recalled as the father of the nation was responsible for the establishment of modern Turkey. The Kemalist ideas on politics, economy, culture and society, have been described as unique and wonderful, particularly given its totality and success in a predominantly Islamic society. Turkey, after the establishment of the Republic for 23 years with a single-party system, and the first time, the multi-party democracy in 1946 was experience. Recep Tayyip Erdogan He first came to power in 2003 in the wake of a sweeping electoral victory by the Islamist-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP), of which he was a founding member. Nonetheless JD Party government retained power for many years, causing economic regression, human rights and media depression; opening imam schools, healthy sector deterioration, and more importantly, drift away from secularism. Mr. Erdogan spent 11 years as Turkey’s prime minister before becoming the country's first directly-elected president in August 2014 a supposedly ceremonial role.

Keywords