THE EFFECT OF VISUAL MATERIALS IN IMPROVING CREATIVE WRITING SKILLS

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Year-Number: 2017-10
Number of pages: 1347-1354
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of visual materials in improving the writing skills of students, to determine their effect against traditional writing methods and to contribute to writing studies conducted in this direction. For this purpose, a controlled experimental design based on pre-test-post-test measurements was used in this study. Writing studies supported by images were conducted on the experimental group, whereas writing studies based on the traditional method were conducted on the control group. The study group consists of Şair Nef'i Middle School 3rd grade students (experimental group = 8/A; control group = 8/B) in Palandöken district of Erzurum province. The data were collected by the "Creative Writing Assessment Scale". Validity and reliability of the scale was evaluated; the Cronbach's Alpha value was found to be 0.83, and the KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) test statistic was found to be 0.651. The Mann-Whitney U-Test was used to compare the success score averages between the groups, and the Wilcoxon Marked Ranking Test was used for the pre-test and post-test comparisons within the groups themselves. As a result of the research, it was determined that the creative writing skills success score averages of the students who used visual materials were higher than control group students.

Keywords

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of visual materials in improving the writing skills of students, to determine their effect against traditional writing methods and to contribute to writing studies conducted in this direction. For this purpose, a controlled experimental design based on pre-test-post-test measurements was used in this study. Writing studies supported by images were conducted on the experimental group, whereas writing studies based on the traditional method were conducted on the control group. The study group consists of Şair Nef'i Middle School 3rd grade students (experimental group = 8/A; control group = 8/B) in Palandöken district of Erzurum province. The data were collected by the "Creative Writing Assessment Scale". Validity and reliability of the scale was evaluated; the Cronbach's Alpha value was found to be 0.83, and the KMO (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin) test statistic was found to be 0.651. The Mann-Whitney U-Test was used to compare the success score averages between the groups, and the Wilcoxon Marked Ranking Test was used for the pre-test and post-test comparisons within the groups themselves. As a result of the research, it was determined that the creative writing skills success score averages of the students who used visual materials were higher than control group students.

Keywords