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An Analysis Of A Landscape Garden Shaped With Multi Layered Art-Trust Nature And Modern Physics Science: Peterhof Royal Garden (Russia)
(An Analysis Of A Landscape Garden Shaped With Multi Layered Art-Trust Nature And Modern Physics Science: Peterhof Royal Garden (Russia) )

Yazar : Parisa GÖKER  & Aysun TUNA  
Türü :
Baskı Yılı : 2019
Sayı : 31
Sayfa : 1185-1197
33    27


Özet

The historical gardens and parks of St. Petersburg, Russia, are valued as monuments of landscape architecture and components of the city’s urban ecosystems. They date back to the early 18th century, when Peter the Great (1672-1725) oversaw the construction of the city (his ìVenice of the Northî) on the marshy delta of the Neva River. After World War II, intensive restoration and reconstruction was begun in almost all of St. Petersburg’s historical parks. One of these is the Peterhof Palace Gardens, a world class palace that provides a very worthwhile experience for anyone interested in architecture, art, or history. Peter I (the Great) founded Peterhof in 1709 as a country estate. After visiting the French court in 1717, he decided to make Peterhof into an imperial residence that would rival Versailles. The Baroque Grand Palace (1714–28) was designed by Domenico Trezzini and the palace’s gardens by Alexandre Le Blond; Bartolomeo Rastrelli enlarged the structure in 1752. Peterhof subsequently became the most lavish and popular of the Russian royal summer residences (Britannica, 2019). In 1918 Peterhof became a museum although during World War II it was occupied by the German troops and suffered severe damage and was destroyed by fire. The reconstruction began almost immediately after the war and continues to this day. In the scope of this research; Besides the historical development of the palace gardens in Peterhof, Space organization, structures in palace gardens, water elements, characteristic elements and structures/overall planning will be discussed.



Anahtar Kelimeler
Peterhof, Historical Park, Landscape design, Russia

Abstract

The historical gardens and parks of St. Petersburg, Russia, are valued as monuments of landscape architecture and components of the city’s urban ecosystems. They date back to the early 18th century, when Peter the Great (1672-1725) oversaw the construction of the city (his ìVenice of the Northî) on the marshy delta of the Neva River. After World War II, intensive restoration and reconstruction was begun in almost all of St. Petersburg’s historical parks. One of these is the Peterhof Palace Gardens, a world class palace that provides a very worthwhile experience for anyone interested in architecture, art, or history. Peter I (the Great) founded Peterhof in 1709 as a country estate. After visiting the French court in 1717, he decided to make Peterhof into an imperial residence that would rival Versailles. The Baroque Grand Palace (1714–28) was designed by Domenico Trezzini and the palace’s gardens by Alexandre Le Blond; Bartolomeo Rastrelli enlarged the structure in 1752. Peterhof subsequently became the most lavish and popular of the Russian royal summer residences (Britannica, 2019). In 1918 Peterhof became a museum although during World War II it was occupied by the German troops and suffered severe damage and was destroyed by fire. The reconstruction began almost immediately after the war and continues to this day. In the scope of this research; Besides the historical development of the palace gardens in Peterhof, Space organization, structures in palace gardens, water elements, characteristic elements and structures/overall planning will be discussed.



Keywords
Peterhof, Historical Park, Landscape design, Russia

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