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Abstract


TYPOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION of CLOUD MOTıF and CLOUD MOTIF on CARPETS

In Turkish arts, motifs are the elements that make up or decorate the composition. It is seen that the cloud motif is mostly shaped according to the decoration feature and the place where it will complete the composition in carpet art and examples in Turkish arts. When the cloud motif is examined typologically, it appears in many different forms. The cloud motif has taken its place in Turkish arts in the form of stacking and entanglement clouds. It is stated in the written sources that the entanglement cloud motif is divided into five types: free entanglement, separation entanglement, middle tie, hilly, scrap cloud. When the studies on the source of the cloud motif in the literature are examined, it is stated that Turkish art has passed from the Chinese culture. From past to present, the cloud motif has been used in a wide variety of ways in Turkish arts as an ornamental and complementary element of composition. The cloud motif has also received names such as the Chinese cloud and avalanche. There are studies suggesting that the reason why the cloud motif is called "Chinese cloud" is because the word china means fold in Persian. In the cloud motif carpets examined in the research, it is striking that mostly tangle or line cloud motifs are used. In the carpet samples examined, entanglement or line cloud motifs were generally used as complementary motifs to the composition surrounding the border. In the article, typological analysis of the cloud motif is made and examples of carpets with cloud motifs are presented. At the end of the research, examples from Turkish arts such as illumination, tile, engraving, binding, woodworking, stone and metalwork, which have cloud motifs from the past to the present, are included. In the research, it is aimed to make a typological analysis of the cloud motif, which has numerous examples in carpets and Turkish arts, and to present a compiled study to the researchers who will work in this field.



Keywords
Cloud, Motif, Weaving, Carpet, Turkish Arts



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Gelişmiş Arama


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