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Abstract


MINING ACTIVITIES IN THE FIRST YEAR OF TURKISH REPUBLIC

The importance of natural resources in human and community life is known. 99% of the tools and equipment that make life functional are provided from natural sources, especially from mines. There is a close relationship between the levels of prosperity and development of communities and mining activities. People have begun to use mining activities and mines from the earliest times, and the result of these activities is the birth of civilization. The birth of the space-age and beyond-the-information society has also been achieved through the use of special metals, alloys and materials supplied from metal products. It is known that the mining in Anatolia was based on the 10th century BC and led the developing civilizations. Anatolian mining has developed very much in the period of Romans, especially in the production and processing of lead, copper, iron, gold, silver, marble and natural stone. Monumental marble cities are very important examples. In the Ottoman Empire period, mining activities were carried out to meet the need for arms and ammunition and to print money. In the last period of the Ottoman Empire, with the Paris Treaty of 1862, Anatolian mines opened to the foreign capital entrance on the country side. France, England, Germany, Italy, Russia have made important investments to produce Anatolian mines and have produced significant amounts of mines. The traces of mining activities related to this period are found in many parts of today's country. In this period, which was adopted by the liberal economy, significant progress has been made in mining and the "Mine and Industry School Industry, Mine bank ", "Mineral Research and Exploration Institute" and "Etibank" have been established to be assigned to education, fin regulations ance, . The mining activities in Turkey were directed by different orders until 1906, and the Mine , which was put into effect in 1906, remained in force until 1954. The Mining Law No. 6309, enacted in 1954, was abolished in 1985 by the enactment of the Mining Law No. 3213. In the mining sector during the 51-year implementation period of the Mineral Laws No. 6309 and 3213; Lack of infrastructure, inadequate government support, and bureaucratic obstacles prevented entry of capital. With the Law No. 3123, although some increase was made in production oriented investments, it was not enough. For these reasons, there has been no significant improvement in terms of search and production.



Keywords
Republic of Turkey, Mining, Production, Activity



Kaynakça

Gelişmiş Arama


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