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Abstract


A GROUP ATTACK AND DEFENSE TOOLS AT THE KONYA KOYUNOĞLU MUSEUM

Koyunoğlu Museum is located in Konya, one of our cities located in the Central Anatolia region of our country. The museum, which serves within the Konya Metropolitan Municipality with its museum and library, is one of the important private museums of our country. The museum is named after its founder, Ahmet Rasih İzzet Koyunoğlu. The majority of the works in the Koyunoğlu museum collection consist of various works collected by Ahmet Rasim İzzet Koyunoğlu throughout his life. In this context; The Koyunoğlu Museum, which hosts very rich and unique works consisting of archaeological, ethnographic and coins from the prehistoric period to the Republic period, also has an important collection in terms of war tools. In this study, which is part of the research project that deals with the fighting tools in the Koyunoğlu Museum, 24 works in the museum exhibition halls and storage room were examined. Some of these studied objects are objects used for attack and the other parts are used for defense purposes. The tools examined for offensive purposes are axe, mace and adzes / hammers, while the tools examined for defense are shield and helmet. In our study, among these works, almost of which are dated to the Ottoman period, there are 12 axes, 2 adzes, 5 maces, 4 shields and 1 helmet. It is observed that these works, which are mostly cast from various materials such as iron, bronze and brass, are sometimes produced by using only one material and sometimes several materials together. Wooden and sometimes iron materials are used in the handle parts of the attack tools. The use of leather is also encountered in some works. These offensive and defensive instruments show different forms and ornamentation characteristics for the society in which they are used and their purpose of use. These works have lost their intended use with the increase of firearms since the beginning of the 20th century. It is possible to say that it is more prominent to meet daily needs or to use liturgical rather than attack and defense purposes. Various decorations are placed on the works. Among these ornaments in the scraping technique, the most frequently used motifs are geometric form triangles, circles and zigzags. In addition to the geometric forms, leaves and flowers with vegetal form are also included, though a small scale of figurative decoration and writing. Although there are many offensive and defensive instruments in museums and private collections in our country, the studies on this subject are not sufficient. It is also very important for the identification and promotion of the military historical wealth of Anatolia in the Turkish period with the increase of studies to be done on this subject. In this context, it is aimed to contribute to the field of this study, which is about a group of offensive and defensive instruments in the Koyunoğlu Museum and to help the research to be carried out in later periods.



Keywords
Koyunoğlu Museum, weapon, Rifai, teber, tombak



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