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Abstract


A Study On Khwarezmian (1097-1231) Dynasty Document Samples (Religious References)

Khwarezmians have typcial characteristic and structure features of Medieval Turkish States. According to that, the state is ruled by a monarch. The family of the monarch comes after the monarch in the state administration. Monarch’s family members forms the basis of state organisation. Shahzades being given administrative authorities by commissioning them to principalities and Mohammed Khwarezmi’s mother Terken Khatun’s influence in the ruling administration are because of that very reason. The official identity of the state is based on religion. It identifies itself as Sunni and Hanafi. The State bases every action on religion and explains its actions with religious ground. In addition, the state also tries to base legitimacy on religious sources. Population of the area under Khwarezmian Dynasty rule is mainly formed by Muslims. The civil life was organised by Islamic methods as well as state administration. Even they had poor and sometimes hostile relationship with Abbasid Caliphate, Khwarezmians tried to get approval of their ruling power from Caliphate. Thus during the age Sunni Muslim rulers should get their approval of governance right actually or symbolically from Caliphate. The state that we described generally is also takes religion as main source for issuing documents. Reason of this study is to observe religious references in Khwarezmian State Documents. Here are the questions we are looking answers for; Why there are religious references in Khwarezmian state documents? Why it was necessary? In what situations and what documents the religious references are exist and why it is important for a contemporary historian to notice them? We followed this method to find answers for those questions above: First of all, we classified document samples that survived today for our subject. They were mainly belong to Rashidun Vatvat and Muhammad b. Muayyad al-Baghdadi. Then we observed the document samples by specifying their form and wording. We tried to study how the religious references were present in the documents. Finally we got into a conclusion that religious references have a very important place in state documents. These references are made by various reasons such as explaining, telling, reminding, showing the formality, intimidating, gloryfying the might of the state, proving that actions are in perfectly follow the Islam, praising the state and expressing very clearly. Studying the religious references will not only help a contemporary historians to understand the past, but it will also help them to make more realistic analysis about medieval age.



Keywords
Khwarezmians, Rashidun Vatvat, Muhammad Muayyad al-Baghdadi, State Documents, Religious Reference



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