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Abstract


Babadağ Gündoğdu (Denizli)’ Landslide And Surroundings Impacts

Babadag district which is research area, is located in the west of Denizli province in Aegean part in Aegean region. In this study, it is aimed to examine the formation and development characteristics of the Babadağ landslide that has not been on the agenda for the last eighty years, to present its environmental effects and solution suggestions. Babadağ settlement which is located about 36 km. from the western of the province of Denizli, is located on the southern slopes of the Menderes basin, on the foothills of Babadağ which has deep valleys and on the slopes of the valley, ridges and hills between the two valleys. Babadağ has been known as a disaster area since 1941. It was declared as ‘Disaster Zone’ with the decision of the Council of Ministers of the Gündoğdu Neighbourhood Council in the district center dated 06/02/2007 and numbered 11684. The geomorphology of the research area significantly determined the fate of the region. Due to the problems caused by landslides, the center of Babadağ greatly damaged, the foreseeing consequences of irreparable results have led to the necessity to take measures. In this study, The landslide region of Babadag will be under debate by using geomorphological methods. It is determined that the geomorphology and the landslide chracaters of the region have completely blocked the growth of the district and also landslide risk continues. The other geography conditions of the district of Babadağ, especially geomorphological, tectonic and the climate features, have provided quite risky conditions for landslides. The highness of the elevation-slope-precipitation values in the district, the sloping slopes formed by the rivers, such as the lacustrine Pliocene claystone, sandstone and marl, have prepared the ground for landslides. The stepping topography of the faults in the neotectonic period and the strong relief energy of the rivers and the erosion of the slopes from the base section, and the major elevation difference between the Büyük Menderes Plain and Babadağ are the main causes of the landslides in the field. Some of the landslides which is from antropogenic and natural disasters, can be observed with pre-disaster references. So the formation of some landslides can be predicted early and possible damages can be prevented by preventive actions. As a result of the activities carried out against the landslide incident in Babadağ for many years, approximately 2000 were evacuated in Gündoğdu Neighbourhood and the disaster zone neighbourhood was closed to settlement. Homes have been evacuated by predicting grave consequences of ongoing landslide in residential area. It has been prevented the damages of a possible big disaster. Tourism can be an expansion or a starting point in the region where geomorphology and landslide restrict urban development quietly. The district, where traditional and modern weaving facilities give life, has the potential to be considered as a tourism area with its beautiful looking historical houses, narrow streets, high topography, houses and other structures on highly inclined ridges between rivers, mountain and forests rising above the tree boundary. The evaluation of geotourism potential will contribute the development and the improvement of the district greatly. It is expected that Babadag and its neighbourhood will come into prominence in terms of activities intended for culture and nature tourism, particularly by the studies which will be made.



Keywords
Natural Disaster, Babadağ (Denizli) Landslide, Weaving, Culture and Nature Tourism



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