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Abstract


Weaving In 1930 Industrial Congress Reports

ABSTRACT The weaving that existed in our country since old years has been living as the most important art. The difference from other developing countries is that they have become the most perfect state by taking advantage of all possibilities of machine technology. We still maintain our most impeccable form. As far as the possibility of using machine looms is not possible in remote villages, which are deprived of electricity, the development of this situation can be excused, but in Istanbul, which shows a great improvement to compete in European factories in knitwear and socks, even how astounded that these hand looms can still operate There are many places. But we have not to criticize this situation, but to investigate the reason why you have not gone a step forward for centuries and to identify the remedies for development. It is not possible to determine the exact amount due to the fact that the weaving looms which are installed in unsuitable places are dispersed. Other activities are not always permanent. These looms, which have started to be processed as they become popular in the market, are withdrawn from the activity during the crisis. For this, it is not possible to appreciate and evaluate the value and value of the production at every moment. However, according to the results of research conducted in various regions of Anatolia, there are approximately twenty thousand hand looms. Two to three thousand of these looms operating in Kastamonu, Merzifon, Antep and Denizli areas are located in Istanbul. Even in the most unfavorable times, about five hundred of them work in various parts of Istanbul. It is difficult to measure the production of these looms, which are mostly mundic (shirting) pansies, bed sheets, loincloths, curtains, draperies, pegs and various cotton fabrics. However, each workbench wears up to 7-8 meters of this type of coarse weaves per day. Its value varies between 30-45 cents. This situation can be explained as follows. If it is assumed that ten thousand looms are working continuously all year, it is estimated that the production is 25-30 million meters with an estimated 6-9 million liras. It is sufficient to consider the amount of yarn consumed to control this account. The existing spinning mills in Istanbul, Izmir and Adana produced 2,250 million kilograms of yarn produced in 1928, of which 2,850 million pounds were used. Considering the fact that thousands of families throughout the country provide livelihood for their income due to their intrinsic forms, it is seen how important weaving is for our country. In some areas of Anatolia, the activity of these looms is of vital importance because they provide some livelihoods for some neighborhoods settled on steep cliffs that do not feed animals.



Keywords
Key Words: Country, Loom, Handicraft, Weaving, subsistence



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