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Abstract


Reasons For The Choice And Interpretation Of Controversial Narratives By Shafi'i School Methodologists: Abu Ishak Al Shirazi Example

Many important and influential scholars have been raised in the school of fiqh and the fiqh accumulation in this line, which is compared to Imam Shafi'i (d. 204/820), who created an original synthesis between Hijaz Fiqh and Iraqi Fiqh. One of the important rhetoric of this sect is Abu Ishaq Jamaluddin Ibrahim b. Ali b. Yousuf is al-Shiraz (d. 476/1083). Shirazi was born in 393 in the town of Firuzabad in the south of Shiraz, in 415 he went to Baghdad and remained there until his death. He took fiqh, usûl, hilâf, jedel and hadith lessons from famous scholars in Baghdad. Famous poets, who influenced him in the formation of his scientific personality, drew attention to his effectiveness in the debate with the remarks they made to Shirazi. Shirazi was appreciated and praised by many scholars from other sects. Upon the death of his teacher al-Taberî, Shirazi became the representative of Shafi'i sect in Baghdad, which was the scene of intense competition among the sects and political strife. Nizâmülmülk, who was an important politician during the period of Shirazi, who carried out the copyright and teaching activities in this tense environment, carried the idea that a policy compatible with the caliphate center would benefit the Seljuk State in this period, and in this process, he installed an important mission and appreciated Shirazi. Madrasah was built. When Shirazi refused to give an opening lecture for a while, this task was given to Abu Nasr Ibn’s-Sabbâğ. Unable to resist further oppression, Shirazi had to start his duty and continued his professorship there until the end of his life. Shirazi who educated many students, contributed to the solution of many social conflicts as well as teaching and royalty activities, and sometimes found himself in fights and discussions between sects. Considering his book al-Lüma ’fî usûli’l-fıkh, Shirazi's approach to the reasons for preferring and interpreting the narratives that attract attention is remarkable. It should be noted that preference is also an interpretation process. According to Shirazi, preference is made in terms of deed and text. In this context, according to him, in terms of deed, it is preferred to someone else who is involved or has a relationship with the event. Another reason for preference is fake. Because the Fakih knows better what he hears. In terms of the text of the narrative of the scholar or deeds and evidence and cem that only one of the cem indicates that the preferred. The reasons for preference of Şîrâzî, which enumerates many similar criteria, in terms of deed and text will be examined and evaluated in this paper.



Keywords
Shafi'i, Methodology, Choice, Comment, Al Shirazi.



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