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Abstract


Unesco World Cultural Heritage Sites And Conservation Issues: Konya, Çatalhöyük Case

Cultural environments reflecting the traces of community life and the development of space organisation are important sources giving information about the social life and settlement culture of past civilizations. So, the conservation of historical and cultural environments is an important phenomenon for the sustainability of urban culture and social life styles of certain periods. Today the settlements with historical and cultural value lost their functions in this process and turn into spaces that are either useless or isolated in the name of protection. These areas subject to tourism are easily confronted with deterioration because of dense visitor population due to the carrying capacity of the area. However, these privileged places either within the city in or in rural areas should be protected and preserved as they are the places conveying the historical lifestyles of various civilizations and societies that has to be transferred to future generations. Conservation with a cultural focus from building to site scale especially for the World Cultural Heritage Areas brings out the discussion of heritage conservation at global scale in agenda. In this sense, a conservation declaration was prepared by UNESCO for the conservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritage Areas by a commission gathered in Paris in 1972 which can be considered as the first important declaration in the field of conservation. So superior universal value transfer criteria have been defined for the World Heritage Sites by means of this contract . Konya Çatalhöyük is a Neolithic Period settlement that was declared as a world heritage site in 2012. Çatalhöyük is one of the most earlier settlements of Anatolia with its original texture formed by houses that are accessible from the roofs without streets. Although there were numerous Neolithic settlements in Anatolia, Çatalhöyük was a unique cultural heritage area shaped due to artisric, cultural and traditional values of it’s period with it’s huge scale. Its known that cultural and natural heritage are under the threat not of destruction only for the reasons of continuous deterioration, but also for the cause of social and economic conditions Nowadays the lack of existing legal regulations and the inadequate and accurate analysis of the social and physical environment of the area constitutes the most important obstacles to spatial protection together with rapid change of the original character and identity of the settlement pattern. Changing climatic conditions, natural disasters, uncontrolled and intense visitor potential are other important threats in the protection of the settlement area. The purpose of this study is to discuss the conservation problems of the heritage sites which are of outstanding universal value and taking place in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. Then the problems, potentials and conservations issues of the area were discussed. And finally, suggestions for Çatalhöyük and its near environs were offered for the sustainability of the heritage area.



Keywords
Cultural heritage, UNESCO, Çatalhöyük, Neolitik Settlements, Neolitik Period Settlements, Universal value, Anatolia.



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