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Abstract


The 18th Century The Depository Of Shipyard In The Ottoman Navy

The Ottoman Navy had the power to compete in the inner seas such as the Mediterranean and the Black Sea with its other navies until the Flood of 1770. This navy, with its own laws, traditions, shipyards, and human resources, fulfilled many tasks, from raids to enemy cities, to combat enemy navies, from carrying the weight of the Ottoman army to the conquest of the cities belonging to the enemy, surrounded by the sea or the river. In the 18th century, the Ottoman navy carried out important duties in the Ottoman-Venetian war of 1715-1718, in the Ottoman Russian war of 1736-1739 and in the Ottoman Russian Wars which ended with the 1774 Küçük Kaynarca Agreement. In this century, the navy ships were mainly sailing ships with the head of the galleons, but there were also ships of galley, schooner, kalyete and şayka. These ships were built in shipyards such as Varna, Silistra, Rousse and Gallipoli. The commander of the Ottoman Navy was Captain Pasha, but other than him, he had also worked in Tersane-i Amire, the Shipyard Emini, the Shipyard Agha, the Port Chief, and the Shipyard Congregation, as well as other officials. Under their supervision and orders, a large number of workers were working for shipbuilding and repairing in the Tersane-i Amire area. These workers included carpenters, blacksmiths, ropes, rammers and sailors. It was the responsibility of the shipyard to check them and pay their fees. Captain Pasha, aside from military affairs, was not able to deal with so many people. In the 18th century, the duties of the shipyards were increased compared to the previous centuries. Because in this century, the age of galleon, as well as timber, rope, rope, tether, iron, nails, wire, etc. the need for materials increased. It was a work that required great effort and attention to ensure that these were made available at the shipyard in time. In addition, the shipyard expenditures increased significantly compared to previous periods. The shipyard was the main person who was based on the burden of this change. 



Keywords
Ottoman Navy, Shipyard Emini, Kaptan Pasha, Istanbul, 18th century.



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